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Gold nano-antennas reveal single molecules’ electrochemical properties
Individual molecules are extremely hard to see through feeble fluorescence. Tiny gold nanorods serve as new antennas to intensify their signal 500 times. Publication on February 24 in Angewandte Chemie.

In the early 1980’s, IBM created their world-famous picture More info

Publ. 24-02-2017 17:21
Corentin Coulais in NRC and New Scientist
Newspaper NRC and popular scientific magazine New Scientist write about Corentin Coulais’ research on one-way-traffic metamaterials. He published a paper on this subject in Nature on February 13. Click here to listen to Coulais talk about More info

Publ. 16-02-2017 13:09
Joost Frenken wins MRS Award
The Materials Research Society (MRS) has awarded Prof. Joost Frenken with the 2017 Innovation in Materials Characterization Award. The society hands out the prize in honor of an outstanding advance in materials characterization that notably increases knowledge of the structure, More info

Publ. 16-02-2017 11:24
LCN2 Seminar: Infection Dynamics
Jacco Wallinga from the Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) will give an LCN2 seminar on February 24th in the Science Club, titled 'Infection Dynamics: using theory and data to reconstruct the causal structure of epidemics'.

Models of infectious More info

Publ. 16-02-2017 10:12
One-way traffic for motion in new material
Physicists have developed a material that breaks one of the fundamental principles governing many physical systems. Ordinary materials transmit external forces equally, no matter where the pressure comes from. The newly developed material breaks this rule and could potentially be More info

Publ. 13-02-2017 17:00
Human DNA softer than DNA single-celled life
Single-celled organisms have stiffer DNA than multicellular lifeforms like humans and rice. Theoretical physicists managed to simulate the folding in full genomes for the first time to reach this conclusion. Publication in Biophysical Journal on February 7.

Local stiffness
Our More info

Publ. 07-02-2017 18:00
Joost Frenken on Radio 1 Langs de Lijn en Omstreken
Physicist Joost Frenken was interviewed on the radio show 'Langs de Lijn en Omstreken' (Radio 1) about the recent discovery of superconductive graphene. The one-atom-thick material was already known for its strength, flexibility, lightweight and good conductivity.

Click here More info

Publ. 01-02-2017 14:22
Teacher meeting on Physics research and education
On the evening of Tuesday January 31st, the physics institute organizes its triannual meeting for over seventy high school teachers. The program consists of lectures on developments in modern physics and the latest initiatives in the world of education.

Researchers Dirk More info

Publ. 30-01-2017 15:19
LCN2 Seminar: Dynamical networks of the biological clock
Jos Rohling from the Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) will give an LCN2 seminar on January 27th in the Science Club, titled 'Dynamical networks of the biological clock'.

Understanding how neurons and brain regions communicate, coordinate, synchronize, and More info

Publ. 24-01-2017 10:02
Mechanism MRI amplifying agents explored
Special amplifying agents can make MRI scanners and NMR techniques hundreds of times more sensitive. Leiden physicists have now found a method to test their efficiency. More sensitive MRI scans could for example improve our understanding of cystic fibrosis or More info

Publ. 18-01-2017 16:57
Tjerk Oosterkamp in 'New Scientist' and 'Kennis van Nu' on ice skating
Because the last Elfstedentocht celebrates its twentieth anniversary, New Scientist spoke with physics professor Tjerk Oosterkamp about his research on the slipperiness of ice and his passion for skating on natural ice.

De Kennis van Nu interviewed More info

Publ. 10-01-2017 10:37
Hendrik Casimir Prize 2016 awarded to Andrea Peña and Jorrit Hortensius
At the new year’s reception, Scientific Director of Casimir Tjerk Oosterkamp handed out the 2016 Hendrik Casimir Prize to physics students Andrea Peña (Leiden) and Jorrit Hortensius (Delft). The Casimir Research School yearly awards the Hendrik Casimir Prize to the More info

Publ. 09-01-2017 11:56
Novel detection method for iron in Alzheimer’s brain
For many years, scientists have observed a correlation between Alzheimer’s disease and a surplus of iron in the brain. However, a causal link between the two has not been proven yet. We lack knowledge concerning the specific form of iron More info

Publ. 12-12-2016 16:50
DWDD University uses Leiden Physics experiments
In the latest episode of DWDD University on 'Light', Prof. Robbert Dijkgraaf used a number of experiments from the Leiden Physics Practicum Lab. He showed why the sky is blue, that light is a wave phenomenon, how magnetism and electricity More info

Publ. 05-12-2016 15:11
Materials made of self-spinning particles
Materials are either gas, liquid or solid, based on how their molecules respond to temperature and pressure. But what if the building blocks are self-spinning particles instead of ordinary molecules? Theoretical physicists found out what determines the phase of those More info

Publ. 05-12-2016 10:42
Interactions in Designer Materials Unveiled
Graphene and other layered materials combine into completely new substances. Leiden physicists establish the ground rules for designing such materials by measuring how the layers in the stack interact. Publication on November 29 in Nature Communications.

The fascinating properties More info

Publ. 29-11-2016 11:22
Making flawless graphene coatings
Graphene holds the promise of impressive applications such as wear-resistant, friction-free coatings. But first manufacturers have to be able to produce large sheets of graphene under precisely controlled conditions. Dirk van Baarle studied how graphene grows at the atomic scale More info

Publ. 29-11-2016 08:56
KHMW Graduation Prize for Anne Meeussen
The Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities (KHMW) has awarded Leiden Physics PhD student Anne Meeussen the Shell Graduation Prize in Physics, which comes with 5,000 euro in prize money. Every year, KHMW distinguishes young talents with the aim More info

Publ. 28-11-2016 14:37
Vera Meester wins LION Image Award
During the month October, LION organized its second annual Image Award. The organizing committee received many beautiful contributions. A big thanks to all who have worked hard on sending in their image! After long consideration, the jury finally decided on More info

Publ. 22-11-2016 10:55
Three FOM-Projectruimte Grants for Leiden Physics
The Leiden Institute of Physics has been awarded three out of twelve available grants from the FOM Projectruimte. Principal Investigators Milan Allan, Stefan Semrau and Carlo Beenakker all receive around 400,000 euro for their research.

Milan Allan receives the FOM grant More info

Publ. 21-11-2016 15:37
Colloquium Ehrenfestii: Philip Kim
Title: Correlated electrons in graphene

Speaker: Philip Kim

Date: December 7

Abstract: The symmetry protected Dirac spectrum near the charge neutrality has been a source of exotic physical behaviors observed in graphene. In a disorder-free clean sample, attained by encapsulating graphene in More info

Publ. 21-11-2016 14:29
Metamaterial built from gears
A specifically designed collection of gears is soft on one end and rigid on the other. These are robust properties of the system that hold even in the presence of manufacturing imperfections. This emerging research area may lead to new More info

Publ. 21-11-2016 14:00
LCN2 Seminar: Individuals, groups and explorations in networks
Luca Avena from the Leiden Mathematics Institute will give an LCN2 seminar on November 25th at 16:00 in room HL214, titled 'Epidemic Spread on Networks'.

I will discuss some probabilistic tools and related randomized algorithms to explore the More info

Publ. 21-11-2016 13:27
Gorter Symposium on 24 November
On November 24, the 4th edition of the Gorter Symposium will be held at the "Rijksmuseum van Oudheden". The symposium, which is organized by the Gorter Foundation, has brought the different research groups on Magnetic Resonance from Leiden together for More info

Publ. 16-11-2016 10:09
LEELIS Conference on future of computer chips
A collaboration of physicists and chemists organized the LEELIS conference on new computer chip technology in Amsterdam on 10-11 November. Leiden physicist Joost Frenken is director of the organizing institute ARCNL.

Moore’s law
Moore’s law states that every two years, More info

Publ. 15-11-2016 17:43
Slovenian and Czech high school students visit LION
Sixty-four high school students from Slovenia, Czech Republic and The Netherlands have visited Leiden University in the week of 7-11 November, as part of the Talent Education Project. They split in eight groups, of which some went to the science More info

Publ. 14-11-2016 10:43
Record distance for alternative super current
Electrons that spin synchronously around their axis, turn out to stay superconductive across large distances within magnetic chrome dioxide. Electric current from these electrons can flip small magnets, and its superconductive version could form the basis for a hard drive More info

Publ. 10-11-2016 15:20
New flowchart to eliminate Universe models
Cosmologists have many possible models for the Universe, of which only one can be true. A new flowchart will eliminate some of them when two specific Universe features are accurately measured. Publication in Physical Review D on 7 More info

Publ. 08-11-2016 13:04
New theory on liquid crystals with high symmetry
LCD screens use liquid crystals which have a high degree of order, even though they form a fluid. A new theory maps out the interplay between order, temperature and symmetry. Publication in Physical Review X.

Chances are that More info

Publ. 08-11-2016 11:58
Quantum Mechanics Course for Physics teachers
LION organizes a course on quantum mechanics for high school Physics teachers. As the curriculum gains a new quantum component, Leiden University enables teachers to give the best possible guidance to their students.

In five evenings, physics staff members walk More info

Publ. 08-11-2016 10:30
Physics Ladies' Day boosts girls' enthusiasm for science
On 28 October 2016, prospective female students explored the natural sciences at the annual Physics Ladies’ Day. This event, specially for girls in the final two years of high school, was being held for the third time.

During the Physics Ladies’ More info

Publ. 01-11-2016 15:30
Female Researchers in the Spotlight for Physics Ladies Day
On Friday 28 October, LION organizes its annual Physics Ladies Day for female high school students. To mark this festive day, we put the spotlights on four female researchers, who talk about their experiences in physics.

Irene More info

Publ. 27-10-2016 16:27
Opening event wall formulas Snellius and Lorentz
On Thursday November 3rd we celebrate the official opening of two wall formulas in the Leiden city center. As of now, Snell’s law and the Lorentz force formula shine on two walls in downtown Leiden. They are part of a More info

Publ. 26-10-2016 16:23
LCN2 Seminar: Epidemic Spread on Networks
Piet Van Mieghem from Delft University of Technology will give an LCN2 seminar on October 28th at 16:00 in room HL214, titled 'Epidemic Spread on Networks'.

Epidemic models are increasingly used in real-world networks to understand diffusion phenomena More info

Publ. 19-10-2016 13:17
Vote for Einstein’s ID card
What will be the 2016 piece of heritage? You can answer this question by voting in the ‘Piece of the Year’ election. Erfgoed Leiden en Omstreken has sent in a special contribution: Einstein’s ID card.

Albert Einstein was extraordinary More info

Publ. 18-10-2016 17:59
Physicists find way to control fractures
Rigid materials break more easily than floppy ones. This simple observation allows to predict and control the width of cracks. Theoretical understanding of how materials break is useful in for example the production of cars or screens. Publication More info

Publ. 12-10-2016 15:25
Leiden honorary medal for LiS
The Leidse Instrumentenmakers School (LiS) has received the Leiden erepenning—an honorary medal that is awarded each year during the celebration of the Leids Ontzet to a person or institute that has done a great service to the city of Leiden.

LiS More info

Publ. 05-10-2016 16:24
KNAW Nobel Event on October 7th
The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) will host an event on Friday October 7th to highlight the Nobel prizes that will have been announced earlier that week.

On behalf of the Leiden Institute of Physics, Prof. Carlo Beenakker More info

Publ. 05-10-2016 09:26
Physics Nobel Prize to Former Lorentz Professor
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 goes to David Thouless, Michael Kosterlitz and Duncan Haldane for theoretical discoveries in the field of topological materials. These only conduct electricity on their surface and hold a big promise for future applications in More info

Publ. 04-10-2016 18:33
Bernard van Heck Wins Christiaan Huygens Prize 2016
Bernard van Heck has won the Christiaan Huygens Prize 2016 for his Leiden PhD research on electrical circuits for quantum computers. On behalf of the KNAW, the Dutch minister of Education, Culture and Science awards this prize annually to a More info

Publ. 04-10-2016 09:28
Two winners in final Junior Physics Olympiad
High school students Bas Teisman and Erik van Dijk have won the national final of the Junior Physics Olympiad in Leiden.

The final consisted of three parts; a movie of an experiment, open questions and closed questions. Lucas van der Poll More info

Publ. 29-09-2016 17:16
Second Annual LION Image Award
The Leiden Institute of Physics announces its second annual Image Award. Master students, PhD students and postdocs from LION are asked to submit an amazing visual of their research: a microscopy image, a rendering of simulation results, a theory visualization More info
Leiden Hosts Junior Physics Olympiad Final
This year, the Junior Physics Olympiad final takes place on September 29 at Leiden University. Thirty-one high school students have made it into the national final.

1,540 participants
In February of this year, 1,540 third year high school students started the first More info

Publ. 27-09-2016 14:16
Rudolf Tromp Awarded 2017 APS Distinguished Lectureship
Leiden physicist Rudolf Tromp has been awarded the 2017 Distinguished Lectureship on the Applications of Physics by the American Physical Society. As part of his lectureship, Tromp will deliver a lecture series on his career as a physicist in industry. More info

Publ. 23-09-2016 15:52
First Atomic Observation of Synthetic Fuel Production
Synthetic fuel is cleaner than natural oil, but its production process needs to be more efficient. Now for the first time, physicists have directly observed the molecules produced in the chemical process. This paves the way for designing more efficient More info

Publ. 20-09-2016 09:54
Melting of Frozen Electrons Visualized
For the first time, physicists have visualized the ‘melting’ of electrons inside a special class of insulators. It allows electrons to move freely and turns the insulator into a metal and possibly later into a superconductor. Publication on September 19th More info

Publ. 20-09-2016 09:03
Rik Mom Awarded Michel Cantarel Grant
PhD student Rik Mom has been awarded the Michel Cantarel grant by the French Vacuum Society (SFV). At the European Conference on Surface Science he gave a prize-winning talk on the subject of his PhD research, making him More info

Publ. 15-09-2016 10:05
Controlled insight into mysterious exotic states of electronic matter
Koenraad Schalm and his research group publish an article on non-Fermi liquids in the current issue of Physical Review B. Their publication has been selected as Editor’s suggestion.

Metals are good conductors: the outermost electrons can nearly effortlessly skip More info

Publ. 14-09-2016 17:48
New Force Measured between Proteins
Proteins organize themselves around our body cells through a self-induced force. They indent the cell membrane and thereby roll towards each other. This discovery provides new insights in processes like nutritional uptake and brain signaling, as well as in diseases More info

Publ. 13-09-2016 15:00
Light manipulated with large artificial atom
Physicists have manipulated light with large artificial atoms, so-called quantum dots. Before, this has only been done so well with actual atoms. It is an important step towards light-based quantum technology. Publication on August 30th in Nature Communications.

During More info

Publ. 30-08-2016 11:00
Protector against air pollution is vulnerable to air
Catalyst research aims to make gasoline less polluting. It turns out that during experiments it is actually necessary to protect catalysts from air itself. Publication in The Journal of Physical Chemistry C on August 26.

We owe it to More info

Publ. 26-08-2016 14:19
Symposium: Leiden Networks Day
The LCN2 community is proud to present the Leiden Networks Day: a one-day symposium open to all researchers interested in networks, from Leiden, the Netherlands and beyond. The event will feature a number of excellent international speakers and is free More info

Publ. 24-08-2016 12:58
Paradox in superconductivity at high temperature
Nature publishes an article on a paradoxical discovery in superconductivity. Leiden physicist Jan Zaanen writes a News & Views article about this in the same issue of August 19th.

Superconductivity is a bizarre but useful physical phenomenon. By More info

Publ. 17-08-2016 20:47
Building with flexible blocks
On an apparently normal cube a pattern of hollows and bulges appears when the cube is compressed. Physicists from Leiden University and FOM Institute AMOLF together with colleagues from Tel Aviv University have developed a method to design such three-dimensional More info

Publ. 28-07-2016 09:00
Origin of Neutrino Signal Remains a Mystery
Physicists have studied the astrophysical neutrino signal as reported by the IceCube collaboration from a different angle with their ANTARES detector. The Milky Way centre was an obvious prime suspect to be a source, but this hypothesis is now only More info

Publ. 20-07-2016 14:58
MRI Machine at the Nanoscale Breaks World Records
A new NMR microscope gives researchers an improved instrument to study fundamental physical processes. It also offers new possibilities for medical science, for example to better study proteins in Alzheimer patients’ brains. Publication as Editors' Suggestion in Physical More info

Publ. 15-07-2016 17:30
NWO Veni Grant for Bouncing Balls on Hot Plate
Physicist Scott Waitukaitis receives an NWO Veni grant to research the Leidenfrost effect for squishy materials. This effect is well-known for dancing water droplets in a frying pan.

Have you ever spilled water on a hot frying pan? You will see More info

Publ. 15-07-2016 12:01
New model predicts ‘yoyo’ orbits around black holes
Stars orbit black holes while jumping up and down. This is the prediction of a theoretical model developed by Leiden physicist Satish Kumar Saravanan, based on Einstein’s theory of relativity. He defends his PhD thesis on July 7th.

There are only More info

Publ. 07-07-2016 10:27
Students get IT crash course in Chinese Silicon Valley
Learning about the newest communication technology in China and solving a business case at telecom giant Huawei. Four Leiden science students get to know China's Silicon Valley.

Honours students

The four honours students and fifteen other students from Malawi, the Netherlands, Spain More info

Publ. 06-07-2016 10:24
Leiden physicists meet Nobel prize winners
Two Leiden physicists took part in the Lindau conference in Germany from 26 June to 1 July. They met Nobel prize winners from their field.

The Lindau conference is an annual event where dozens of Nobel prize winners meet the next More info

Publ. 05-07-2016 13:22
Summer Course 'Big Science' Visits Physics Institute
Professors in science communication Bas Haring and Ionica Smeets organize a summer course titled ‘Big Science’ this week, for around fifty participants of all ages and backgrounds. On the afternoon of Thursday July 30th, the course will More info

Publ. 30-06-2016 12:23
Summer School: Modern Physics at all Scales
From July 10 to July 20, the Leiden Institute of Physics organizes its annual summer school, this year titled ‘Modern Physics at all Scales’. Second and third year bachelor students from all over the world will come to Leiden to More info

Publ. 28-06-2016 16:18
Stefano Coppola Receives AXA RF Fellowship to Study Pancreatic Cancer
Leiden biophysicist Stefano Coppola has received the prestigious AXA Research Fund postdoctoral fellowship. With this grant he can work for two years on a project to research the role of mechanical factors in the development of pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic cancer is More info

Publ. 16-06-2016 13:26
LION Barbecue on July 6th
This year's LION Barbecue will be held on Wednesday July 6th from approximately 5pm to 9pm.

The party committee urges everyone that has not yet registered to do so before the deadline of June 27th through this link! More info

Publ. 15-06-2016 11:39
Second layer of information in DNA confirmed
Leiden theoretical physicists have proven that not only the genetic information in DNA determines who we are, but also DNA’s mechanics. Helmut Schiessel and his group simulated many DNA sequences and found a correlation between mechanical cues and the way More info

Publ. 08-06-2016 10:16
Einstein Wall Formula Upgraded with Illustration
The painting of the Einstein field equation on the front wall of Museum Boerhaave is now upgraded with an illustration. Last November, the equation was officially launched as the first of ten formulas that will be painted on More info

Publ. 03-06-2016 12:50
Surface Plasmons Measured for Faster Internet
Leiden physicists use a new method to measure so-called surface plasmons. Researching these particles could lead to new light-based technology, including faster internet. Publication in ACS Photonics.

Optical fiber
When people are watching the new Game of Thrones episode, they usually don’t More info

Publ. 02-06-2016 12:10
Marileen Dogterom elected for KNAW and Medical Delta
Marileen Dogterom has been elected as member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW). She is one of the pioneers of the research field of biomolecular physics in the Netherlands. Her research focusses on the cytoskeleton—micro tubes More info

Publ. 01-06-2016 12:32
Leiden Physics Hosts 2016 NEVAC Day
The Leiden Institute of Physics hosted the annual conference of the Dutch Vacuum Society (NEVAC) on Friday May 27th. Experts in the field of vacuum experiments talked about their research. The 2016 NEVAC Prize was awarded to PhD More info

Publ. 27-05-2016 15:32
Jan Aarts Earns FOM Projectruimte Grant
Experimental physicist Jan Aarts has been awarded a FOM Projectruimte grant of 545.000 euro. He will use the money to research the interplay between superconducting currents and ferromagnetism. In the future this could lead to computer memory with negligible power More info

Publ. 20-05-2016 11:25
LCN2 Seminar Vasyl Palchykov
Vasyl Palchykov from the Lorentz Institute will give an LCN2 seminar on May 27th at 16:00 in room HL214, titled 'Ground truth? Clustering scientific publications'.

Community detection techniques are widely used to infer hidden structures within interconnected systems. More info

Publ. 19-05-2016 13:38
Luca Giomi Awarded Vidi Grant
Physicist Luca Giomi has been awarded an NWO Vidi grant of 800,000 euro to theoretically investigate artificial cell-like structures. This year, a total of 572 researchers applied for a Vidi. Only 87 of them have been granted funds, including twelve More info

Publ. 13-05-2016 13:46
Students Produce Movie on Van der Molen Lab
As part of the master course 'Academic and Professional Skills', four physics master students have created a video about Sense Jan van der Molen's research group. Jamie Culkin, Anne Meeussen, Sander van Lidth de Jeude and Isabelle Jansen devised the More info

Publ. 12-05-2016 10:31
No neutrinos from gravitational wave event
An international team of scientists, including Leiden physicist Dorothea Samtleben, has used the ANTARES and IceCube neutrino telescopes to study the black hole merger that became famous last February as the source of the first ever detected gravitational waves. Any More info

Publ. 05-05-2016 11:37
Important Effect Observed in Development of Quantum Storage
Rare-earth materials are prime candidates for storing quantum information, because the undesirable interaction with their environment is extremely weak. Consequently however, this lack of interaction implies a very small response to light, making it hard to read and write data. More info

Publ. 26-04-2016 13:37
LCN2 Seminar Vincent Traag
Vincent Traag from the Centre for Science and Technology Studies will give an LCN2 seminar on April 29th at 16:00 in room HL214, titled 'Methods & algorithms for detecting communities in large networks'.

Many complex networks have a More info

Publ. 26-04-2016 12:38
Lorentz Professor 2016 Charles Kane to Arrive on May 1st
On May 1st, we are delighted to welcome Prof. Charles Kane as this year’s Lorentz Professor. Kane is a world-renowned American physicist who has made major contributions to theoretical condensed matter physics. He is most famously known for discovering topological More info

Publ. 15-04-2016 16:09
Milan Allan Group Builds STM: Timelapse
Milan Allan’s research group has created a timelapse of their efforts to build their scanning tunneling microscope (STM), called Tamagotchi. An STM allows researchers to see the electronic structure of materials with atomic precision. Allan’s group wants to understand the More info

Publ. 15-04-2016 13:45
Michel Orrit Wins Edison Volta Prize
The European Physical Society has awarded the prestigieus Edison Volta Prize to Leiden physicist Michel Orrit. The prize is handed out every two years to an individual or a group of at most three scientists as an acknowledgment of an More info

Publ. 13-04-2016 09:52
ERC Advanced Grant for Physicist Alexey Boyarsky
Leiden physicist Alexey Boyarsky has been awarded an ERC Advanced Grant to research an extension of the standard model of particle physics. He shares the grant with research groups from Lausanne and Copenhagen. 580.000 euro goes directly to Leiden.

Boyarsky and More info
Physicist Jelmer Renema wins NWO Rubicon
Physicist Jelmer Renema receives an NWO Rubicon grant to conduct a 2-year postdoctoral research on a proof of concept for quantum computers at the University of Oxford.

Renema earned his PhD in Leiden and uses his Rubicon to move to Oxford. More info

Publ. 08-04-2016 17:21
Physicists celebrate completion low-vibration lab and helium facility
The institute of physics celebrates the completion of two long-term projects. The renewed facility for the production of liquid helium is all done, and the low-vibration measurement island in the new science building performs at world-class level.

After years of planning, More info

Publ. 08-04-2016 16:02
Tiny clumps recycle themselves into complex structures
Manufacturers produce high-end technology mostly top-down with large machinery, but small particles are able to build structures by themselves from the bottom up. A major challenge is that these particles easily clump together. Leiden physicist Daniela Kraft has developed a More info

Publ. 06-04-2016 10:44
Single Molecule Detected for Use in Quantum Network
Leiden physicists have managed to detect a single molecule called dibenzoterrylene in a new crystal, and found that it is a candidate component for a quantum network. Future quantum computers will need such a network to work together while maintaining More info

Publ. 01-04-2016 16:56
LION co-organizes International Mechanobiology Meeting
Thomas Schmidt, biophysics professor at LION, and Erik Danen from the Leiden Academic Centre for Drug Research organize an international meeting on mechanobiology in Amsterdam from March 22 to 24. Scientists in this field study how mechanical cues contribute to cell development, cell More info

Publ. 18-03-2016 10:29
Studio Classroom Opens its Doors
Room 111 in the Huygens building is fully renewed and upgraded to a brand new furnished room for classes and self-study, called Studio Classroom. It is equipped in accordance with a concept developed by TU Delft. Studio Classroom allows for More info

Publ. 17-03-2016 12:09
Wim van Saarloos Returns as Leiden Professor of Theoretical Physics
Wim van Saarloos will become vice president of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), and return to the Leiden Institute of Physics as professor of theoretical physics. Currently, Van Saarloos is Transition Director at the Netherlands Organisation More info

Publ. 16-03-2016 15:24
New method to catch notorious Alzheimer protein
Medical doctors see lumps of the protein Aβ-peptide in Alzheimer patients’ brains. They are not sure however if this causes the disease, or if it’s a consequence of the damage these proteins do on brain membranes. Resolving this matter is More info

Publ. 16-03-2016 10:51
European acknowledgment for KM3NeT
The European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) has selected KM3NeT for its 2016 Roadmap.

The neutrino telescope KM3NeT is an international research facility with scheduled locations on the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea, near Toulon (France) and Sicily (Italy). At More info

Publ. 11-03-2016 16:12
Teachers Celebrate Einstein's Birthday in Leiden
March 14th is a special day for science enthusiasts worldwide, as we not only celebrate π day but also Albert Einstein’s birthday. To commemorate this anniversary and encourage as much π jokes as possible, the Leiden institute of physics organizes More info

Publ. 11-03-2016 14:07
Electrons Found to Flow like Water
Science Magazine publishes three back-to-back papers on an important discovery in solid state physics. Leiden physicist Jan Zaanen writes a Perspective article on the matter in the same issue of March 4th.

Three separate research groups have simultaneously More info

Publ. 07-03-2016 11:39
Century-old Physics Assumption Proven Wrong
A new discovery proves that it matters which approach researchers take in analyzing large physical, social or biological systems that have a networked structure. Ever since the early 1900s, scientists have assumed each approach is equivalent. Now many results in More info

Publ. 02-03-2016 14:08
Open Day Leiden University
This Saturday March 5th, Leiden University organizes its bi-annual open day in the city centre. Participants can gather information about all the bachelor studies that Leiden has to offer. There is plenty of opportunity to ask all questions you might More info

Publ. 01-03-2016 14:50
Upper Limit Found for Quantum World
The small quantum world and our world of perception obey different laws of nature. Leiden physicists search for the border between both worlds. They set an upper limit in an article published soon in Physical Review Letters.

The laws More info

Publ. 24-02-2016 10:00
Complexity Models to Prevent Financial Crashes
The financial system needs complexity theory to predict economic crises like the 2008 meltdown. An international team of scientists, including Leiden physicist Diego Garlaschelli, state this in a paper published in Science on February 19th.

Traditional economic theory has More info

Publ. 19-02-2016 10:00
LCN2 Seminar Assaf Almog
Assaf Almog from the Leiden Institute of Physics will give an LCN2 seminar on February 26th at 16:00 in room HL106, titled 'From the brain to the economy: finding communities in networks and correlation matrices'.

The mesoscopic organization More info

Publ. 17-02-2016 11:38
2.5M Euro Vacuum Fridge to Leiden Physics Institute
Tjerk Oosterkamp is awarded an NWO Large Grant of 2.5 million euro to build a machine that offers an environment with ultra-high vacuum and very low temperatures, only one thousandth of a degree above absolute zero. This will provide many More info
Important Step for Proposed Sterile Neutrino Experiment
An ambitious plan to add a new angle to the hunt for dark matter has passed an important landmark. A collaboration of particle physicists and theorists has proposed an experiment to try and create ‘sterile’ neutrinos with the so-called Super More info

Publ. 03-02-2016 17:03
Michel Orrit Wins Physica Prize 2016
Michel Orrit is honoured with the Physica prize 2016 for his groundbreaking work on single molecule spectroscopy. In the mid ‘80s, Orrit came to the realization that it should be possible to optically detect a single molecule. A few years More info

Publ. 02-02-2016 15:11
Four Photons Entangled in Orbital Angular Momentum
For the first time, scientists have entangled four photons in their orbital angular momentum. Leiden physicists sent a laser through a crystal, thereby creating four photons with coupled ‘rotation’. So far this has only been done for two photons. The More info

Publ. 01-02-2016 11:55
Physics Teacher Meeting on ESA, Quantum and New Science Campus
Bert van der Hoorn organized the triannual meeting for over 60 physics teachers and interested researchers on a multitude of subjects. Speakers included Volkskrant science journalist Martijn van Calmthout, project manager of the new science campus Tom Westerhof, Henk Buisman More info

Publ. 27-01-2016 15:32
Ultra-Cold Research is Back and Booming
An increasing amount of questions about the quantum world gives a new push to research close to absolute zero. Quantum physicists are moving back to the domain of ultra-low temperatures, where atoms nearly come to a standstill and are therefore More info

Publ. 25-01-2016 10:05
Ghostly entanglement holds great promise
Four quantum physicists from Leiden and Delft addressed a full room of 200 people on entanglement at a mini symposium of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences (KNAW). Carlo Beenakker and Dirk Bouwmeester took the stage on behalf of Leiden More info

Publ. 22-01-2016 12:22
TV Show Klokhuis Visits LION
Ask any Dutch person how they first got engaged with science, and the answer will probably be: Het Klokhuis. In fact, chances are that many of the Dutch researchers at our institute got their first inspiration to become a scientist More info

Publ. 20-01-2016 13:39
LCN2 Seminar Frank Takes
Dr. Frank Takes from the Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science will give an LCN2 seminar on January 29th at 16:00 in room HL214, titled 'Mining Large-scale Corporate Networks'.

Corporate networks model the relationships between More info

Publ. 20-01-2016 10:52
Cancer cell mechanism found to be used against itself
Leiden biophysicists have found a new possible way to prevent metastasis. They have located ‘sinkholes’ on cancer cells where receptor proteins disappear from the surface. If a drug could push these proteins towards those areas, it would prevent the cells More info

Publ. 18-01-2016 12:31
Registration Open for FameLab 2016
Do you think you can pitch your research to a general audience in 3 minutes? Then sign up for the FameLab 2016 Dutch preliminaries! Anyone between 21 and 40 years old and working in or studying science can participate in More info

Publ. 14-01-2016 16:28
KNAW Mini Symposium on Quantum Entanglement
The Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen organizes a mini symposium on Wednesday January 20 in Amsterdam, titled 'What is the importance of quantum entanglement?' Among the speakers are LION's Carlo Beenakker and Dirk Bouwmeester.

Beenakker talked about the subject More info

Publ. 14-01-2016 15:34
Counting Molecules in Living Cells
Biophysicist Rolf Harkes has developed a microscope to optically localize individual molecules in living cells. It improves monitoring of diseases like cancer and Parkinson’s at the cellular level. He successfully defended his PhD thesis on this subject on January 13th More info

Publ. 13-01-2016 14:00
FOM Grant for Theoretical Model Majorana Gun
Professor Carlo Beenakker has been awarded a FOM Projectruimte subsidy to build a theoretical model of a majorana gun—a very promising instrument for quantum computers.

Regular computers store information in bits, which represent a 0 or a 1. Quantum computers More info

Publ. 12-01-2016 09:19
LION half year overview - Happy Holidays!
We are halfway through the academic year 2015-2016 and LION is off to a great start with many beautiful discoveries. With the year 2015 coming to an end, it is time to take a break and enjoy the things we've More info

Publ. 21-12-2015 18:59
New Way of Driving Nanomotors
Normally, you would want your jewelry to be as durable as possible. But Leiden physicists break gold and platinum chains on purpose. By doing so, they have found evidence for forces that could be used for driving tiny nanomotors, just More info

Publ. 21-12-2015 10:00
First Detector Neutrino Telescope KM3NeT in Mediterranean Sea
On an early morning in the depths of the Mediterranean Sea, a group of technicians installed the first detection unit of a large under-water neutrino telescope: KM3NeT. Leiden physicist Dorothea Samtleben is part of the collaboration of scientists and engineers More info

Publ. 10-12-2015 15:06
Seeing viruses in a new light
Have you ever wanted to play the villain in a movie and create your own virus? It’s easy: combine one molecule of genomic nucleic acid, either DNA or RNA, and a handful of proteins, shake, and in a fraction of More info

Publ. 09-12-2015 10:41
Parkinson Protein α-Synuclein Binds Surprisingly Strong with Membrane
Α-synuclein, a protein associated with Parkinson’s disease, proves to bind with membranes in a surprisingly efficient way. It confirms scientists’ suspicion of the protein’s leading role in the transmission of neurotransmitters between nerve cells in the brain.

More info

Publ. 04-12-2015 17:59
Public Lecture Series: Physics of Light
The next three Mondays, Leiden University’s Studium Generale organizes a series of lectures on the physics of light, in the context of the International Year of Light. In these lectures, three experts explain in a More info

Publ. 27-11-2015 15:03
Physics Students Build own Radar Gun
The long hallways of Leiden’s science faculty are quiet and peaceful when suddenly a young student flashes by. A few moments later, he skims along a girl holding a wooden plate plastered with tin cans, copper wires and duct tape. More info

Publ. 27-11-2015 11:03
Physicists develop new technique to fathom ‘smart’ materials
Physicists from Leiden University and the FOM Foundation have found a way to better understand the properties of manmade 'smart' materials. Their method reveals how stacked layers in such a material work together to bring the material to a higher More info

Publ. 26-11-2015 11:00
Physics Wall Formulas on TV Show 'De Kennis van Nu Nieuws'
Tomorrow (November 26th) at 16:35, science tv show De Kennis van Nu Nieuws shows the painting of the first of many physics formulas on walls in Leiden’s city centre, on channel NPO 2. This is a project More info

Publ. 25-11-2015 17:16
LCN2 Seminar Dr. Ludo Waltman and Dr. Nees Jan van Eck
Dr. Ludo Waltman and Dr. Nees Jan van Eck from Leiden University’s Centre for Science and Technology Studies will give an LCN2 seminar on November 27th at 16:00 in room HL106, titled 'Bibliometric network analysis: Software tools, techniques, More info

Publ. 25-11-2015 09:14
First of ten Physics Formulas on Leiden Walls
On Tuesday November 24th, professor Robbert Dijkgraaf will unveil a painted version of Einstein’s Field Equation on Museum Boerhaave’s outside wall. This launches a series of at least ten Physics formulas to be visualized on walls throughout the historic city More info

Publ. 20-11-2015 11:04
Writing contest Dutch Journal of Physics
The Dutch Journal of Physics organizes a writing contest for PhD students and recent PhD graduates. Participants must be in their second year or higher of their PhD project, or have obtained their PhD degree after January 1st More info

Publ. 19-11-2015 14:36
PhD Student Koen Schakenraad Wins Lorentz Graduation Award
PhD student Koen Schakenraad has won this year’s Lorentz Afstudeerprijs, a prize awarded annually by the Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities (KHMW) to a recently graduated theoretical physics master student with an outstanding thesis. Schakenraad, now More info

Publ. 18-11-2015 15:10
Colloquium by Cosmologist Pedro Ferreira: 100 Years of General Relativity
To celebrate the 100th anniversary of Einstein's Theory of General Relativity, there is a special colloquium this Monday November 16th at 17:30: "100 Years of General Relativity - From Einstein in 1915 to Relativistic Cosmology in the 21st Centrury", by Prof. More info

Publ. 13-11-2015 11:42
Teacher Meeting on Physics and Astronomy
Tonight, Thu Nov 12th, over sixty participants take part in a meeting at the science faculty in which high school teachers deepen their knowledge of physics and astronomy and explore new teaching methods. The Physics and Astronomy departments organize these More info

Publ. 12-11-2015 15:13
All Submissions for LION Image Award on Pinterest
LION's first Image Award has revealed the artistic side of many physicists. Although the judges could only select three images for their top 3, there were lots of other beautiful pieces of art. It would be an awful waste of More info

Publ. 06-11-2015 15:32
Book Release: Holographic Duality in Condensed Matter Physics
The physics of black holes appears to be as far removed from the physics of electrons in metals as it can be. Now Prof. Jan Zaanen, Prof. Koenraad Schalm (both Leiden University), Dr. Yan Liu and Dr. Ya-Wen Sun (both More info

Publ. 06-11-2015 12:01
Physics Ladies’ Day: High School Girls Explore Physics
Over 90 female future students from VWO 5 and 6 explored the Physics education in Leiden during the annual Physics Ladies’ Day, last Friday. The girls went speed dating with female physicists from several companies and the university. Students told More info

Publ. 04-11-2015 10:22
Female Researchers in the Spotlights for Physics Ladies Day
Tomorrow, LION organizes its annual Physics Ladies Day for female high school students. To mark this festive day, we put the spotlights on three female researchers, who talk about their experiences in physics.

Dr. Alessandra Silvestri, Assistant More info

Publ. 29-10-2015 14:40
Online Database: Leiden Physics Phd Theses 1597–1975
Since Leiden University was founded in 1575, more than 1,800 professors have worked here. Tonight is the festive launch in the Academy building of a brand new website where you can easily find each More info

Publ. 27-10-2015 15:08
Einstein’s Light: an ode to Nobel Prize winners Einstein and Lorentz
Einstein’s Light, a new film about Albert Einstein, will be premiered on Monday 2 November during the Leiden International Film Festival (LIFF). Leiden University has contributed to the film as part of the University’s 440-year anniversary celebrations. Several Leiden professors More info

Publ. 23-10-2015 09:38
LCN2 Seminar Dr. João Dias Rodrigues
Dr. João Dias Rodrigues from the Leiden Institute of Environmental Sciences will give an LCN2 seminar on October 30th at 16:00 in room HL106, titled 'Entropy, inference and economic networks'.

In this talk I will More info

Publ. 22-10-2015 12:32
Maarten Leeuwenhoek Wins 1st LION Image Award
During the month September, LION organized its first Image Award. The organization is delighted with the many beautiful contributions. A big thanks to all who have worked hard on sending in their image! The judges had a though time deciding More info

Publ. 21-10-2015 12:17
New Technique to Monitor Protein Folding
Biophysicists at the Leiden Institute of Physics, under supervision of Prof. Martina Huber, and the University of Wageningen have used a new technique to monitor how certain proteins rearrange into a functional structure. With a smart tracing technique (DEER), the More info

Publ. 20-10-2015 11:57
Understanding Single Photon Detectors
Leiden physicists have developed a way to address how accurately a superconducting single photon detector (SSPD) can be characterized by detector tomography. SSPDs are not fully understood, and tomography is a key element to determine how these devices detect light. More info

Publ. 16-10-2015 11:51
Leiden University Open Day
This Saturday, Leiden University organizes its bi-annual open day in the city centre. Participants can gather information about all the bachelor studies that Leiden has to offer. There is plenty of opportunity to ask all questions you might have to More info

Publ. 15-10-2015 14:26
Leiden physicists reinforce dark matter candidacy for conspicuous signal
After finding evidence for a possible emission line at 3.5 keV in the Andromeda galaxy and the Perseus cluster last year, an international team of scientists has found the same signal when looking at the center of the Milky Way. More info

Publ. 14-10-2015 10:36
Teams Science Run for Refugee Students
The Leiden Science Faculty organizes a team run to support the Foundation for Refugee Students UAF. This charity helps educated refugees to continue their studies or find a job at their own level. In many cases, obtained degrees More info

Publ. 08-10-2015 13:43
October 6 at 12.30: Carlo Beenakker on the Physics Nobel Prize
This afternoon the winner will be announced of the 2015 Physics Nobel Prize. Who wins and based on what discovery? What does this mean for physics research? To what extend do Leiden physicists participate in that research area? Theoretical More info

Publ. 06-10-2015 10:57
Physics Alumni Day
On Saturday October 24th, the Leiden Institute of Physics organizes an alumni day for all former students and employees. The participants will hear about the latest discoveries and research developments and get back in touch with familiar faces. The schedule More info

Publ. 01-10-2015 13:43
First Colloquium Ehrenfestii of the New Academic Year: Paul Townsend
Tonight at 19:30, Paul Townsend (Cambridge, DAMPT) will kick off this year's series of the famous Colloquium Ehrenfestii. These lectures are organized about eight times a year, in the main auditorium of the Oort building.


Let's More info

Publ. 30-09-2015 10:58
Former LION Technician Henk Rijskamp Has Passed Away
We are saddened by the news that our former colleague Henk Rijskamp passed away on September 9. For many years Henk was a valued member of our technical support staff, working both in the old Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, and later More info

Publ. 21-09-2015 13:10
LCN2 Seminar Prof. Aske Plaat
In 2014, as the Ebola epidemic in West Africa progressed, the world witnessed in all its horrific glory a complex network in action. Doctors, epidemiologists, complex network scientists, and data scientists have worked hard to counter the disease, and now More info
Publ. 15-09-2015 00:00
Professor Emeritus Lou Duysens Has Passed Away
It is with great sadness that we announce the parting of
Prof. Dr. L.N.M. Duysens,
emeritus at the Leiden Institute of Physics of Leiden University, on September 8, 2015, at the age of 94 years.
Lou Duysens received his More info

Publ. 11-09-2015 10:19
Imaging Charge Transport in a Graphene Layered Cake
Researchers at the Leiden Institute of Physics have developed an exciting technique to visualize electrical conductance in sheet-like materials. It shows great promise for devices based on a new family of materials—the ‘Van der Waals materials’. The physicists, who won More info

Publ. 09-09-2015 18:56
Dr. Stephan Eijt New External Member Exam Committee
Tomorrow, the LION exam committee welcomes a new, external member. As of 1 September, at least one of the exam committee’s members has to be from outside Leiden University. The LION committee is very pleased that Dr. Stephan Eijt from More info

Publ. 31-08-2015 16:46
Plasma Takes on Donut Shape
Leiden physicists have discovered that a free, magnetised plasma reconfigures into a stable shape in certain conditions. They demonstrate through computer simulations that initially helical magnetic field lines in a plasma eventually take the form of a donut. Their paper More info

Publ. 30-07-2015 17:44
Former LION PhD Student Wins GNN Dissertation Prize
The 2015 Dissertation Prize of the Global Neutrino Network has been awarded to three former graduate students, amongst others Tri Astraatmadja, who was part of the Leiden/Nikhef ANTARES group during his PhD research. Astraatmadja receives the award for his thesis More info

Publ. 29-07-2015 17:28
eScience Grant for LION Neutrino Research
The Netherlands eScience Center has announced to fund a new Path-Finding Project led by Dr. Dorothea Samtleben from the Leiden Institute of Physics (LION). This project aims to make the processing of detection signals more efficient for the KM3NeT neutrino More info

Publ. 29-07-2015 15:44
New material challenges 250 year old building principles
Researchers at FOM-institute AMOLF and the Leiden Institute of Physics (LION) have developed a rubber rod with strange bending behaviours. Beyond a certain point, it bends more under decreasing pressure. This behaviour doesn’t fit our expectations and does not conform More info

Publ. 22-07-2015 10:34
Veni Grant for Leiden Physicist Johannes Jobst
Johannes Jobst - researcher at the Leiden Institute of Physics (LION) – has been awarded a Veni grant from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). Veni grants are handed out to very talented researchers who have recently obtained a More info

Publ. 17-07-2015 14:04
Michel Orrit honoured with Grand Prix SFO
Today, the French Optics Society (SFO) has announced the winners of its biennial Grand Prix SFO Léon Brillouin. Professor Michel Orrit from the Leiden Institute of Physics (LION) is one of two people that receive the honour this year. The More info

Publ. 16-07-2015 17:06
Breakthrough in superconducting light detectors
A team of Dutch and Swiss researchers has managed to successfully scan the surface of a superconducting light detector in very high detail. Amongst them is Jelmer Renema, researcher at the Leiden Institute of Physics (LION). The new technique they More info
Publ. 15-07-2015 17:35
Two Out of Five Awarded FOM grants go to LION
Today, two out of the five awarded FOM Project Space subsidies have been granted to the Leiden Institute of Physics (LION). The Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) divides a total of 2.2 million euro amongst the five winning More info
FOM Project Space subsidies
Publ. 08-07-2015 18:20
LION summerschool 'The quantum revolution' has begun
The summerschool, from July 5 to July 15, is host to 24 students from 9 different countries. There will be 34 lectures by 19 LION lecturers, plus laboratory visits, showing the full breath of Leiden physics. More info

Publ. 06-07-2015 10:13
LION congratulates Martin van Exter
Congratulations to Martin van Exter who has been appointed Professor in "Optics" effective from July 1, 2015. More info

Publ. 26-06-2015 10:24
LION congratulates Vincenzo Vitelli
Congratulations to Vincenzo Vitelli who has been appointed professor "Theory of Condensed Matter" effective from June 1, 2015. More info

Publ. 23-06-2015 16:13
'A boost for superconducting logic'
'A new choice of materials leads to more practically useful superconducting spin valves'. More info
Publ. 02-06-2015 07:28
Energy flow in quantum critical systems far from equilibrium
Characterizing the behaviour of strongly coupled quantum systems out of equilibrium is a cardinal challenge for both theory and experiment. With diverse applications ranging from the dynamics of the quark–gluon plasma to transport in novel states of quantum matter, establishing More info
Publ. 20-05-2015 12:18
NWO VIDI grant awarded to Milan Allan
In this year's round Milan Allan has been successful in obtaining a NWO Vidi grant. Out of the 509 proposals, the NWO committee decided to grant his proposal “A new perspective on the mysterious quantum soup”. Vidi is targeted at More info

Publ. 18-05-2015 14:23
Prof.dr. J. (Joan) van der Waals celebrated his 95th birthday on May 2nd!
LION congratulates emeritus professor Joan van der Waals with his 95th birthday. The KNAW organizes a symposium in his honour. More info
Read more
Publ. 04-05-2015 09:39
Prof.dr. W.J. (Jan) Huiskamp 90 on April 22!
LION congratulates emeritus Professor Jan Huiskamp with his 90th birthday. See: "In honour of W.J. Huiskamp on the occasion of his retirement from the University of Leiden", Amsterdam, North-Holland, 1989, Physica B, Condensed Matter: v. 160, no.1, Author: M. Durieux, More info

Publ. 22-04-2015 09:12
Jacob Bakermans winner SPIN BSc competition
Jacob Bakermans (UL) presentation was titled "A novel way to control STM-based manipulation: motion tracking and rapid molecular dynamics simulation. The other contestants were Freek Roelofs (RU)and Luuk Vermont (UU). The jury was impressed by all 3 studies but ultimately More info
Publ. 21-04-2015 13:13
Rigidity Loss in disordered systems; Three Scenarios
Disordered packings of soft particles and disordered collections of coupled springs are models for materials as diverse as foams, emulsions, sand and (bio)polymer networks. For all these, the network of contacts or connections governs their mechanics, and both classes of More info
Publ. 02-04-2015 11:45
Bernard van Heck to attend Nobel Laureates meeting in Lindau
Bernard van Heck is one of the seven young Dutch researchers selected for the 65th edition of the Lindau Meeting, which will take place from 28 June to 3rd July 2015. More info
Publ. 16-03-2015 12:28
APS March meeting: Magic 'metamaterials' storm physics
At the meeting, Bastiaan Florijn, a final-year PhD student at Leiden University in the Netherlands, showed reporters what he calls the first ever mechanically "programmable" material. More info
BBC News
Publ. 04-03-2015 17:12
"The coldest spot on earth" - a historical location
The site of the original Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory and the Lorentz Institute has been recognized by the European Physical Society as EPS Historic Site. More info
Read more in Dutch An Impression
Publ. 17-02-2015 15:13
On the way to understanding amyloid fibrils
In amyloid fibrils, proteins assemble into nanometer-sized columns that have the flexibility of steel. The glue that converts the spaghetti-like proteins to assemble into self-repeating structures that form the fibril are normal inter-protein interaction forces, so the magic lies in More info
Read More
Publ. 27-01-2015 10:53
Hendrik Casimir prize for Jorinde van de Vis and Anne Meeussen
The Casimir Research School yearly awards the Hendrik Casimir Prize to outstanding MSc students. Usually, there are two winners per year. This year the jury had selected three equally outstanding students. The Casimir Director decided to award all three with More info

Publ. 08-12-2014 13:54